Did you know that infertility affects approximately 48 million couples and 186 million people live with infertility worldwide?
First, let's define this term. The WHO defines infertility as a disease of the female or male reproductive system that is characterized by the inability to achieve pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
We can classify infertility as primary when a person has never achieved a pregnancy, or secondary when at least one previous pregnancy has been achieved.
The causes of infertility are very varied and the specialist is in charge of studying and considering all the possibilities in order to create a personalized and adequate plan for each patient.
The alteration may be located in the female reproductive system as a result of tubal disorders, such as obstruction of the fallopian tubes due to infections, complications of abortions or abdominal/pelvic surgery, and uterine disorders that may be inflammation, congenital or benign alterations (such as fibroids). These also include ovarian disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome.
On the other hand, infertility may be associated with a condition affecting the endocrine system such as increased prolactin production or decreased secretion of hormones (LH and FSH) from the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus. Other medical causes include thyroid disease, kidney disease, anemia, among others.
In addition, environmental and lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, exposure to environmental toxins (such as chemicals, lead and pesticide), and obesity can affect fertility.
Understanding that the causes of infertility are quite diverse, infertility treatment will depend on the cause, duration, age of the patient and personal preferences.
Initial measures are aimed at optimizing natural fertility, including increasing the frequency of coital practices, using lubricants, and identifying the fertile window, as well as making dietary and lifestyle changes.
In case of an endocrine disorder, the treatment is hormonal. It can be with purified urinary or recombinant gonadotropins in case of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (alteration in the hypothalamus).
Other options include surgery for tubal disorders and to improve the success of procedures such as in vitro fertilization, intrauterine insemination, assisted hatching, among others.
Fertility care is of great importance as this is a problem that affects many women worldwide and must be addressed in time to prevent, diagnose and treat possible problems that interfere with the possibility of pregnancy.
If you suffer from fertility problems or are currently undergoing hormonal treatment for infertility, you can join our clinical study to contribute to scientific research to improve current therapies. For more information, visit our website at www.alpharesearchinst.com or contact us at +1 (281) 712-8540/ +1 (346) 240-2608.