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Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases are developed from an imbalance in the immune action on the body's natural biology, causing damage to healthy organs and tissues.

This process is known as autoimmunity and is part of the so-called autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, among others.

This process is known as autoimmunity and is part of the so-called autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, among others.

Autoimmune Diseases: Types, Symptoms, Causes and More
Autoimmune Diseases: Types, Symptoms, Causes and More

The spectrum of these diseases can be organ-specific or systemic. In the case of type I diabetes, its incidence occurs in the pancreas. Other diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), have a broad clinical manifestation in the body.

The point of origin is unknown. Possible hereditary factors in diseases such as arthritis and lupus, as well as possible environmental factors that trigger such a reaction, continue to be studied.

Autoimmune diseases are most prevalent in women, young or middle-aged adults.

Among the most common autoimmune diseases are:

*Rheumatoid arthritis: It’s an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the body's joints, causing inflammation and pain. This is because the immune system does not function properly.

*Celiac Disease: This condition is known as a chronic digestive disorder that damages the small intestine and is caused by the immune system's reaction to gluten consumption. This reaction damages the lining of the small intestine causing malabsorption.

*Systemic lupus erythematosus: Consists of an autoimmune disorder in which the body overproduces a series of proteins, called antibodies, which attack some of its cells and organs causing damage and inflammation.

*Type I diabetes mellitus: In type I diabetes mellitus, the body does not produce enough insulin or in some cases does not produce insulin at all due to autoimmune destruction of beta cells resulting in increased glucose levels.

*Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin, of autoimmune origin, in which different T lymphocytes, as well as keratinocytes and cytokines that are produced are involved in the development of the disease. This causes the skin cells to multiply too rapidly, accumulating and forming inflamed red patches, commonly with silvery-white plaque scales on the skin.

Autoimmune diseases tend to be chronic, impacting quality of life due to the utilization of many health resources in your daily routine. For this reason, identification in early stages postpones irreversible organ damage.

The first symptoms of many autoimmune diseases are very similar, among them:

  • Fatigue

  • muscle pain

  • swelling and redness

  • low-grade fever

  • difficulty concentrating

  • numbness or tingling in the hands or feet

The antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is often one of the first tests used by physicians when symptoms suggest an autoimmune disease.

If there is a hereditary predisposition or you have a symptomatic picture, do not hesitate to contact your physician or specialist.

Monitoring and treatment inhibits an overactive immune response, helping to decrease symptoms with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or immunosuppressive drugs.

Achieving adequate success during treatment increases the quality of life of patients suffering from this type of disorder. If you have been diagnosed with an autoimmune condition and wish to participate as a volunteer in a clinical study promoting the development of new drugs, do not hesitate to contact us.

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